Horses are very common and popular to us. An amusing fact that Humans began to domesticate horses around 4000 BC. Human uses them in cultivation, animal husbanding,horse racing. The most common fact considered that they serves as transportation for many years. In a ranch house you can’t image a cowboy without a horse. But we common people don’t know many interesting facts about horses. You may know many interesting fact here.
1. The Pure Wild Horse Ever
The Przewalski’s horse is the only truly wild horse whose ancestors were never domesticated. This stocky, sturdy animal exists today only in captivity. The last wild Przewalski’s horse was seen in Mongolia in 1968.
2. Wild Horses Prefer Making Group
Wild horses generally gather in groups of 3 to 20 animals. A stallion (mature male) leads the group. This consists of mares (females) and young foals. When young males become colts, at around two years of age, the stallion drives them away. The colts then roam with other young males until they can gather their own band of females.
3. Horses Have Good Memories
If a horse is treated kindly, it will remember the person as a friend for as long as it lives. The horse will instantly resume friendship when it sees them again, regardless of how long they have been apart. They also remember places very well—most horses become nervous when they’re taken to a place where they’ve had a startling experience.
4. Horses Have Comfort Zones Much Cooler than Humans Prefer
The ambient temperature at which horses are comfortable is quite different from humans. Horses have comfort zones that are much cooler than humans prefer. However if the temperature gets below -8⁰C, the amount of energy necessary to keep a horse warm increases. If the wind is blowing, or the horse is wet or has a thin coat the amount of energy is even greater.
5. Horses have Eight Major Blood Group
Where humans have only 4 blood group horses have double. Blood groups are determined by the presence or absence of certain proteins or sugars found on the red blood cell membrane. In horses there are 8 major blood groups: A, C, D, K, P, Q, U, and T. Of these, A, C, and Q seem to be the most likely to stimulate an antibody response.
6. An Adult Horse Secretes Approximately 30 Liters Gastric Acid Daily
The equine stomach is adapted to constant intake of feed. So it is constantly secreting acid. Adult horses secretes 30 liters of gastric acid daily, independent of feed intake. When the stomach is empty it is, therefore, exposed to high levels of acid!
7. Male Horses Have More Teeth Than Female Horses
By age 5, the adult horse has a complete set of permanent teeth. Female horses have 40 permanent teeth. Male horses have 42 permanent teeth. The male has 2 canine teeth that the female does not have.
9. Horses can sleep both lying down and standing up
Horses can sleep both standing up and lying down. They can doze and enter light sleep while standing.Lying down makes an animal more vulnerable to predators. Horses are able to sleep standing up because a “stay apparatus” in their legs allows them to relax their muscles and doze without collapsing.
10. Horses teeth take up more space in their head than their brain
The horse has a much smaller ratio of brain size to body size than the human. The brain takes up 1/600th of the horse’s body weight. To put this in angle a human brain takes up 1/40th of our body weight. The horse’s brain, is mainly busy with muscle coordination, balance and frame features. A horse isn’t always able to motive through a skill.
11. Thumbelina, The World’s Smallest Horse Who Stands at Only 17 Inches Tall
Thumbelina is an adorable dwarf miniature horse. It holds the record for being the world’s smallest living horse, a record has held with Guinness World Records since 2006. Thumbelina lives at Goose Creek Farm in St. Louis, Missouri with Paul, Kay, and Michael Goessling, her very dedicated humans.
12. In UK Horses Must Need A Horse Passport
All horses, ponies, donkeys and related animals must have a horse passport in UK.The passport is a small booklet that identifies your animal by its height and species.It also states whether your animal can be used for food at the end of its life.
13. The Horse Head used in the movie “The Godfather” was real.
The Godfather is a 1972 American crime film directed by Francis Ford Coppola. It’s shocking that The Horse Head used in the movie “The Godfather” was real.
16. Horse Made Dead Jokey Win The Race.
In 1923, a jockey suffered a fatal heart attack but his horse finished and won the race. The horse made him the first and only jockey to win a race after death.
17. A Horse’s Hoof Technically a single toe, So Horses Run on Their Toes.
Today’s horse is the product of millions of years of evolution, especially in the “toe” department. The oldest equines had five digits, and as the species evolved horses gradually dropped their digit number down to four, three, and then just one.
18. Hippophagy-The Practice of Eating Horseflesh.
Horse meat is the culinary name for meat cut from a horse. It is a major meat in only a few countries, notably in Tonga and Central Asia,The top eight countries consume about 4.7 million horses a year. For the majority of humanity’s early existence, wild horses were hunted as a source of protein. It is slightly sweet, tender and low in fat.
19. Did you know – There were no horses in Australia until 1788.
Horses first arrived in Australia in 1788 with the First Fleet. They were imported for farm and utility work, recreational riding and racing were not major activities. By 1800, only about 200 horses are thought to have reached Australia. Horse racing became popular around 1810, resulting in an influx of Thoroughbred imports, mostly from England. Roughly 3,500 horses were living in Australia by 1820, and this number had grown to 160,000 by 1850, largely due to natural increase.
20. Horses Eyes-The Largest of Any Land Mammal.
The equine eye is the largest of any land mammal. Its visual abilities are directly related to the animal’s behavior and the fact that the horse is a flight animal.
21. Throughout The Horse’s Life, His Teeth May Wear Down to The Roots.
When a young horse first develops molars, they are very long and folded into the dental socket in the jaw. The length of the entire tooth is around five inches in a young horse with only a small portion visible above the gum line.